The European Union has implemented a series of geographical indication that include PDO (Protected designation of Origin) and PGI (Protected Geographic Origin) aimed at encouraging diverse agricultural production, protecting product names from misuse and imitation and aiding consumers by giving them the information they need concerning the specific character of products in the marketplace.

Throughout the world, Italian food enjoys a reputation of high quality thanks to its centuries-old traditions and dedication to quality and excellence. This heritage is certified by the European Union through the DOP and IGP seals. DOP, in English PDO, stands for Protected Designation of Origin and is awarded to products of excellence that express a close tie to the territory of origin. The PDO recognizes agricultural products and foodstuffs which are produced, processed and prepared in a given geographical area recognizing production methods. IGP, PGI in English, stands for Protected Geographical Indication, and is awarded to agricultural products and foodstuffs closely linked to the geographical area. At least one of the stages of production, processing or preparation takes place in the area. One of the ways to distinguish the authenticity of an Italian product is to always check whether the label displays the red DOP/PDO seal; or blue IGP/PGI seal.